Verbos frasais em inglês

Verbo frasal Significado Sentença de exemplo
ask somebody outconvidar para um encontroBrian asked Judy out to dinner and a movie.
ask aroundfaça a muitas pessoas a mesma perguntaI asked around but nobody has seen my wallet.
add up to somethingigualYour purchases add up to $205.32.
back something upmarcha réYou'll have to back up your car so that I can get out.
back somebody upApoio, suporteMy wife backed me up over my decision to quit my job.
blow upexplodirThe racing car blew up after it crashed into the fence.
blow something upAdicione arWe have to blow 50 balloons up for the party.
break downparar de funcionar (veículo, máquina)Our car broke down at the side of the highway in the snowstorm.
break downficar chateadoThe woman broke down when the police told her that her son had died.
break something downdivida em partes menoresOur teacher broke the final project down into three separate parts.
break inforçar a entrada em um prédioSomebody broke in last night and stole our stereo.
break into somethingentrar forçosamenteThe firemen had to break into the room to rescue the children.
break something inuse algo algumas vezes para que não pareça novoI need to break these shoes in before we run next week.
break ininterromperThe TV station broke in to report the news of the president's death.
break upterminar um relacionamentoMy boyfriend and I broke up before I moved to America.
break upcomece a rir (informal)The kids just broke up as soon as the clown started talking.
break outfugaThe prisoners broke out of jail when the guards weren't looking.
break out in somethingDesenvolver uma doença de peleI broke out in a rash after our camping trip.
bring somebody downtornar infelizThis sad music is bringing me down.
bring somebody upcriar uma criançaMy grandparents brought me up after my parents died.
bring something upcomece a falar sobre um assuntoMy mother walks out of the room when my father brings up sports.
bring something upvomitarHe drank so much that he brought his dinner up in the toilet.
call aroundtelefone para muitos lugares / pessoas diferentesWe called around but we weren't able to find the car part we needed.
call somebody backretornar uma ligaçãoI called the company back but the offices were closed for the weekend.
call something offcancelarJason called the wedding off because he wasn't in love with his fiancé.
call on somebodypeça uma resposta ou opiniãoThe professor called on me for question 1.
call on somebodyvisitar alguémWe called on you last night but you weren't home.
call somebody uptelefoneGive me your phone number and I will call you up when we are in town.
calm downrelaxe depois de ficar com raivaYou are still mad. You need to calm down before you drive the car.
not care for somebody/ somethingnão gosto (formal)I don't care for his behaviour.
catch upchegar ao mesmo ponto que outra pessoaYou'll have to run faster than that if you want to catch up with Marty.
check inchegar e se registrar em um hotel ou aeroportoWe will get the hotel keys when we check in.
check outsair de um hotelYou have to check out of the hotel before 11:00 AM.
check somebody/ something outolhe cuidadosamente, investigueThe company checks out all new employees.
check out somebody/ somethingolhe para (informal)Check out the crazy hair on that guy!
cheer upTornar-se mais felizShe cheered up when she heard the good news.
cheer somebody upfazer mais felizI brought you some flowers to cheer you up.
chip inSocorroIf everyone chips in we can get the kitchen painted by noon.
clean something uparrumado, limpoPlease clean up your bedroom before you go outside.
come across somethingencontrar inesperadamenteI came across these old photos when I was tidying the closet.
come apartseparadoThe top and bottom come apart if you pull hard enough.
come down with somethingficar doenteMy nephew came down with chicken pox this weekend.
come forwardvoluntário para uma tarefa ou para dar provasThe woman came forward with her husband's finger prints.
come from some placeOriginário emThe art of origami comes from Asia.
count on somebody/ somethingdependemI am counting on you to make dinner while I am out.
cross something outdesenhe uma linha atravésPlease cross out your old address and write your new one.
cut back on somethingconsuma menosMy doctor wants me to cut back on sweets and fatty foods.
cut something downfazer algo cair no chãoWe had to cut the old tree in our yard down after the storm.
cut ininterromperYour father cut in while I was dancing with your uncle.
cut inpare muito perto na frente de outro veículoThe bus driver got angry when that car cut in.
cut incomeçar a operar (de um motor ou dispositivo elétrico)The air conditioner cuts in when the temperature gets to 22°C.
cut something offremova com algo afiadoThe doctors cut off his leg because it was severely injured.
cut something offparar de fornecerThe phone company cut off our phone because we didn't pay the bill.
cut somebody offtirar de uma vontadeMy grandparents cut my father off when he remarried.
cut something outremova parte de algo (geralmente com tesoura e papel)I cut this ad out of the newspaper.
do somebody/ something overespancar, saquear (BrE, informal)He's lucky to be alive. His shop was done over by a street gang.
do something overfaça de novo (AmE)My teacher wants me to do my essay over because she doesn't like my topic.
do away with somethingdescartarIt's time to do away with all of these old tax records.
do something upaperte, fecheDo your coat up before you go outside. It's snowing!
dress upvista roupas bonitasIt's a fancy restaurant so we have to dress up.
drop backvoltar para uma posição / grupoAndrea dropped back to third place when she fell off her bike.
drop in/ by/ overvenha sem hora marcadaI might drop in/by/over for tea sometime this week.
drop somebody/ something offleve alguém / algo para algum lugar e deixe-o láI have to drop my sister off at work before I come over.
drop outsair de uma aula, escola etc.I dropped out of Science because it was too difficult.
eat outComa em um restauranteI don't feel like cooking tonight. Let's eat out.
end upeventualmente alcançar / fazer / decidirWe ended up renting a movie instead of going to the theatre.
fall apartquebrar em pedaçosMy new dress fell apart in the washing machine.
fall downcair no chãoThe picture that you hung up last night fell down this morning.
fall outseparado de um interiorThe money must have fallen out of my pocket.
fall out(de cabelo, dentes) ficam soltos e soltosHis hair started to fall out when he was only 35.
figure something outentenda, encontre a respostaI need to figure out how to fit the piano and the bookshelf in this room.
fill something inescrever informações em branco, como em um formulário (BrE)Please fill in the form with your name, address, and phone number.
fill something outescrever informações em branco, como em um formulário (AmE)The form must be filled out in capital letters.
fill something upencher até o topoI always fill the water jug up when it is empty.
find outdescobrirWe don't know where he lives. How can we find out?
find something outdescobrirWe tried to keep the time of the party a secret, but Samantha found it out.
get something across/ overcomunicar, tornar compreensívelI tried to get my point across/over to the judge but she wouldn't listen.
get along/onGostam um do outroI was surprised how well my new girlfriend and my sister got along/on.
get aroundtem mobilidadeMy grandfather can get around fine in his new wheelchair.
get awayir de fériasWe worked so hard this year that we had to get away for a week.
get away with somethingfazer sem ser notado ou punidoJason always gets away with cheating in his maths tests.
get backRetornaWe got back from our vacation last week.
get something backreceba algo que você tinha antesLiz finally got her Science notes back from my room-mate.
get back at somebodyretaliar, se vingarMy sister got back at me for stealing her shoes. She stole my favourite hat.
get back into somethingse interessar por algo novamenteI finally got back into my novel and finished it.
get on somethingentrar em um veículoWe're going to freeze out here if you don't let us get on the bus.
get over somethingrecuperar de uma doença, perda, dificuldadeI just got over the flu and now my sister has it.
get over somethingsuperar um problemaThe company will have to close if it can't get over the new regulations.
get round to somethingfinalmente encontre tempo para fazer (AmE: resolver alguma coisa )I don't know when I am going to get round to writing the thank you cards.
get togetherconhecer (geralmente por motivos sociais)Let's get together for a BBQ this weekend.
get upLevante-se da camaI got up early today to study for my exam.
get upficar de péYou should get up and give the elderly man your seat.
give somebody awayrevelar informações escondidas sobre alguémHis wife gave him away to the police.
give somebody awayleve a noiva para o altarMy father gave me away at my wedding.
give something awayarruinar um segredoMy little sister gave the surprise party away by accident.
give something awaydê algo para alguém de graçaThe library was giving away old books on Friday.
give something backdevolver um item emprestadoI have to give these skates back to Franz before his hockey game.
give inrelutantemente pare de lutar ou discutirMy boyfriend didn't want to go to the ballet, but he finally gave in.
give something outdar a muitas pessoas (geralmente sem nenhum custo)They were giving out free perfume samples at the department store.
give something uplargue um hábitoI am giving up smoking as of January 1st.
give uppare de tentarMy maths homework was too difficult so I gave up.
go after somebodysiga alguémMy brother tried to go after the thief in his car.
go after somethingtente alcançar algoI went after my dream and now I am a published writer.
go against somebodycompetir, opor-seWe are going against the best soccer team in the city tonight.
go aheadcomece, prossigaPlease go ahead and eat before the food gets cold.
go backvoltar para um lugarI have to go back home and get my lunch.
go outsair de casa para ir a um evento socialWe're going out for dinner tonight.
go out with somebodyencontroJesse has been going out with Luke since they met last winter.
go over somethingRevejaPlease go over your answers before you submit your test.
go overvisite alguém por pertoI haven't seen Tina for a long time. I think I'll go over for an hour or two.
go without somethingsofrer carência ou privaçãoWhen I was young, we went without winter boots.
grow apartpare de ser amigos com o tempoMy best friend and I grew apart after she changed schools.
grow backcrescer novamenteMy roses grew back this summer.
grow into somethingcrescer o suficiente para caberThis bike is too big for him now, but he should grow into it by next year.
grow out of somethingficar muito grande paraElizabeth needs a new pair of shoes because she has grown out of her old ones.
grow upse tornar um adultoWhen Jack grows up he wants to be a fireman.
hand something downdê algo usado para outra pessoaI handed my old comic books down to my little cousin.
hand something inenviarI have to hand in my essay by Friday.
hand something outpara distribuir para um grupo de pessoasWe will hand out the invitations at the door.
hand something overdar (geralmente de má vontade)The police asked the man to hand over his wallet and his weapons.
hang infique positivo (informal)Hang in there. I'm sure you'll find a job very soon.
hang onespere um pouco (informal)Hang on while I grab my coat and shoes!
hang outpassar um tempo relaxando (informal)Instead of going to the party we are just going to hang out at my place.
hang upterminar uma ligaçãoHe didn't say goodbye before he hung up.
hold somebody/ something backimpedir de fazer / irI had to hold my dog back because there was a cat in the park.
hold something backesconda uma emoçãoJamie held back his tears at his grandfather's funeral.
hold onespere um poucoPlease hold on while I transfer you to the Sales Department.
hold onto somebody/ somethingsegure firmemente usando suas mãos ou braçosHold onto your hat because it's very windy outside.
hold somebody/ something uproubarA man in a black mask held the bank up this morning.
keep on doing somethingcontinue fazendoKeep on stirring until the liquid comes to a boil.
keep something from somebodynão digaWe kept our relationship from our parents for two years.
keep somebody/ something outpare de entrarTry to keep the wet dog out of the living room.
keep something upcontinue na mesma taxaIf you keep those results up you will get into a great college.
let somebody downdeixar de apoiar ou ajudar, decepcionarI need you to be on time. Don't let me down this time.
let somebody inpermitir entrarCan you let the cat in before you go to school?
log in (or on)entrar (em um site, banco de dados, etc.)I can't log in to Facebook because I've forgotten my password.
log out (or off)sair (de um site, banco de dados, etc.)If you don't log off somebody could get into your account.
look after somebody/ somethingcuide deI have to look after my sick grandmother.
look down on somebodypense menos, considere inferiorEver since we stole that chocolate bar your dad has looked down on me.
look for somebody/ somethingtente encontrarI'm looking for a red dress for the wedding.
look forward to somethingesteja animado com o futuroI'm looking forward to the Christmas break.
look into somethinginvestigarWe are going to look into the price of snowboards today.
look outseja cuidadoso, vigilante e preste atençãoLook out! That car's going to hit you!
look out for somebody/ somethingseja especialmente vigilante paraDon't forget to look out for snakes on the hiking trail.
look something oververificar, examinarCan you look over my essay for spelling mistakes?
look something uppesquisar e encontrar informações em um livro de referência ou banco de dadosWe can look her phone number up on the Internet.
look up to somebodytenha muito respeito porMy little sister has always looked up to me.
make something upinvente, minta sobre algoJosie made up a story about why we were late.
make upperdoar um ao outroWe were angry last night, but we made up at breakfast.
make somebody upaplicar cosméticos paraMy sisters made me up for my graduation party.
mix something upconfundir duas ou mais coisasI mixed up the twins' names again!
pass awaymorrerHis uncle passed away last night after a long illness.
pass outdesmaiarIt was so hot in the church that an elderly lady passed out.
pass something outdê a mesma coisa para muitas pessoasThe professor passed the textbooks out before class.
pass something uprecusar (geralmente algo bom)I passed up the job because I am afraid of change.
pay somebody backdevolver o dinheiro devidoThanks for buying my ticket. I'll pay you back on Friday.
pay for somethingser punido por fazer algo ruimThat bully will pay for being mean to my little brother.
pick something outescolherI picked out three sweaters for you to try on.
point somebody/ something outindicar com o dedoI'll point my boyfriend out when he runs by.
put something downcoloque o que você está segurando em uma superfície ou chãoYou can put the groceries down on the kitchen counter.
put somebody downinsulto, faça alguém se sentir estúpidoThe students put the substitute teacher down because his pants were too short.
put something offpostergarWe are putting off our trip until January because of the hurricane.
put something outextinguirThe neighbours put the fire out before the firemen arrived.
put something togethermontarI have to put the crib together before the baby arrives.
put up with somebody/ somethingtolerarI don't think I can put up with three small children in the car.
put something oncoloque roupas / acessórios em seu corpoDon't forget to put on your new earrings for the party.
run into somebody/ somethingconhecer inesperadamenteI ran into an old school-friend at the mall.
run over somebody/ somethingdirigir um veículo sobre uma pessoa ou coisaI accidentally ran over your bicycle in the driveway.
run over/ through somethingensaiar, revisarLet's run over/through these lines one more time before the show.
run awaysaia inesperadamente, escapeThe child ran away from home and has been missing for three days.
run outnão sobrou nenhumWe ran out of shampoo so I had to wash my hair with soap.
send something backretorno (geralmente por correio)My letter got sent back to me because I used the wrong stamp.
set something uporganizar, organizarOur boss set a meeting up with the president of the company.
set somebody uptruque, armadilhaThe police set up the car thief by using a hidden camera.
shop aroundcompare os preçosI want to shop around a little before I decide on these boots.
show offagir de forma especial para observar as pessoas (geralmente com orgulho)He always shows off on his skateboard
sleep overficar em algum lugar durante a noite (informal)You should sleep over tonight if the weather is too bad to drive home.
sort something outorganizar, resolver um problemaWe need to sort the bills out before the first of the month.
stick to somethingcontinue fazendo algo, limite-se a uma coisa particularYou will lose weight if you stick to the diet.
switch something offpare o fluxo de energia, desligueThe light's too bright. Could you switch it off.
switch something oninicie o fluxo de energia, ligueWe heard the news as soon as we switched on the car radio.
take after somebodyparece um membro da famíliaI take after my mother. We are both impatient.
take something apartpropositalmente quebrar em pedaçosHe took the car brakes apart and found the problem.
take something backdevolver um itemI have to take our new TV back because it doesn't work.
take offcomece a voarMy plane takes off in five minutes.
take something offremova algo (geralmente roupas)Take off your socks and shoes and come in the lake!
take something outremover de um lugar ou coisaCan you take the garbage out to the street for me?
take somebody outpagar para alguém ir a algum lugar com vocêMy grandparents took us out for dinner and a movie.
tear something uprasgar em pedaçosI tore up my ex-boyfriend's letters and gave them back to him.
think backlembre-se (frequentemente + para, às vezes + ligado)When I think back on my youth, I wish I had studied harder.
think something overconsiderarI'll have to think this job offer over before I make my final decision.
throw something awaydescartarWe threw our old furniture away when we won the lottery.
turn something downdiminua o volume ou força (calor, luz etc)Please turn the TV down while the guests are here.
turn something downrecusarI turned the job down because I don't want to move.
turn something offpare o fluxo de energia, desligueYour mother wants you to turn the TV off and come for dinner.
turn something oninicie a energia, ligueIt's too dark in here. Let's turn some lights on.
turn something upaumentar o volume ou força (calor, luz, etc)Can you turn the music up? This is my favourite song.
turn upaparece de repenteOur cat turned up after we put posters up all over the neighbourhood.
try something onamostra de roupaI'm going to try these jeans on, but I don't think they will fit.
try something outtesteI am going to try this new brand of detergent out.
use something uptermine o abastecimentoThe kids used all of the toothpaste up so we need to buy some more.
wake upparar de dormirWe have to wake up early for work on Monday.
warm somebody/ something upaumentar a temperaturaYou can warm your feet up in front of the fireplace.
warm uppreparar o corpo para o exercícioI always warm up by doing sit-ups before I go for a run.
wear offdesaparecerMost of my make-up wore off before I got to the party.
work out exercitar-se I work out at the gym three times a week.
work out ser bem sucedido Our plan worked out fine.
work something out fazer um cálculo We have to work out the total cost before we buy the house.